Peille is a small "village percher" ("perched on a rock") between MONACO-monte-carlo and Menton in the Alpes Maritimes Département of France. It is 630m/2,067ft above sea level overlooking the River Peillon. Higher still than the village are the ruins of a château dating from the 13th century.
It is thought the area was once home to a little know Ligurian tribe the Oratelli of Peille. Today the village is notable for its narrow streets, small squares, and architecture dating to the Medieval period. Examples of this architecture include the remnants of the village fortifications, the 14th century courthouse known as the "Palais des Consuls". On the very edge of the cliff face is a large building known as the "Palais des Lascaris" this too dates from the 14th century. The village has a 12th century church in the Romanesque style with ancient frescos decorating its interior.
The village is close to the Peille-Laghet fault trace and on the 1st November 1999 was the epicentre of the small Peille earthquake.